Job analysis is the process to identify and determine in detail the particular job duties and requirements and the relative importance of these duties for a given job in an organization. Factors considered include the personal qualifications necessary for performance of the jobs, the conditions under which the work is performed, and the reporting structure.
An important concept in job analysis is that an analysis is conducted of the job, not the person doing the job (even though some job analysis data may be collected from incumbents).
Factors to Consider During Job Analysis
Job context-the purpose of the job, its work environment and its place in the organizational structure
Job content- the duties and responsibilities of people who hold the job
Job specifications/ qualifications- knowledge, skills , and the ability required for a person to have a reasonable chance of being able to successfully perform the job
Performance criteria- desired behaviors/results that will constitute performance in the job